Category Archives: Digestion

Cancer and Acidity

Another Argument against our acidic diet towards for a more alkaline one.

This short article looks at the work of Dr Otto Heinrich Warburg who won the Nobel Prize in 1931. He found that cancer was caused by oxygen deficiency and this causes high levels of acidity in the body.

He declared that cancer cells are anaerobic, meaning that they do not breathe oxygen, leading to the theory that cancer cells cannot persist in the presence of high levels of oxygen, as in alkaline state. All normal cells unquestionably require oxygen, however cancer cells can and do live without it. He demonstrated that a cell may become cancerous in 48 hours if deprived of 35% of its oxygen.

PH balance is the balance of alkaline and acid in all cells and fluids in the body. For our bodies to thrive, the body must maintain the PH levels of blood at a slightly alkaline level. Diet plays an essential part in maintaining PH levels in the body. Our microbiome or the total bacteria, parasites, viruses and candida overgrow can cause an acidic environment when out of balance. Alternatively, an alkaline environment neutralizes bacteria and other pathogens.

Our modern dietary behaviours seem to guide us towards diets full of toxic and acid forming foods, like refined grains, genetically modified organisms, processed sugars and the rest. This in turn leads to unbalanced PH levels which may interfere with functions and activities at cell levels. Other data suggests that excessive acidic bio environment, may cause other health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, heartburn and cancer.

Natural Alkaline Enhancer

The best remedy for an acidic bio environment is to balance your PH levels with an optimum diet. To assist, you could try this natural remedy to return or maintain your PH balance.


  • 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice or organic apple cider vinegar
  • 1/2 tablespoon baking soda


In a glass, mix both ingredients and wait for the acidic / baking soda combination to fizz. Keep adding baking soda until the fizz stops. Then, top up the glass with 230ml (8 oz.) of water. Drink it all at once.

This remedy helps to reduce acidosis and regulate stomach acid. It will balance the PH and help create an alkaline forming environment in the body.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media. #jamushur

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Chicken Bone Broth

Chicken Bone Broth

Every kitchen, should have a good old fashioned reliable stock or broth in the kitchen. Especially when made from free range organic meat, bones, vegetables and herbs. A constant replenishment of our constitution that is stressed during modern living and to keep the body’s strength and immunity nourished. This wholesome broth provides flavour to your dishes and can be taken as it is a delicious clear soup.

Rich in nutritional powerhouses, such as glucosamine, chondroitin, essential minerals and gelatin, this bone broth is inexpensive to make, abundantly nutritive and intensely flavoursome. We recommend incorporating this broth into your daily diet for its many benefits. The cider vinegar used in this recipes helps to release more minerals from the bones. This version of chicken bone broth makes use of the leftovers from a roast chicken.   Other broths can be made using whole, raw chicken.

To prepare this healthful nutritious, chicken broth full of essential nutrients, we recommend a heavy-bottomed stock pot and a fine mesh sieve or cheesecloth. You can use kitchen leftovers and scraps, such as carrot peelings, onion ends, celery leaves and bits of leek, which may have been kept in a large plastic bag in the freezer.


  • 1 leftover Roast Chicken Carcass
  • Vegetable leftovers (onion trimmings, celery leaves, carrot peels, garlic etc)
  • 2 Bay Leafs
  • 2 Tablespoons Apple Cider Vinegar


  • Pick the chicken carcass clean of useable meat and keep for another dish.
  • Add the chicken carcass, vegetable leftovers and bay leafs to the heavy-bottomed stock pot.
  • Pour filtered water over contents to cover.
  • Add apple cider vinegar.
  • Simmer for a minimum of 4 hours and up to 12, adding more water as needed or desired.
  • Strain solids from the broth through a fine mesh sieve or cheesecloth.
  • Bottle and store the stock, or drink a bowl straight away.
  • The broth should gel, but it is not necessary.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Nutritional Healing

Nature: Warming

Organ:  Spleen and Kidney

Vital Substances: Qi, Blood and Essence

This warming dish is Invigorates the Kidney, Strengthens DNA, Supports the Digestive System and Builds Blood. It is perfect in Autumn/Fall/Winter when we are susceptible to cold. Always serve hot and with hot food, but not spicy.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media. #jamushur

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Health Benefits of Broccoli

You either love it or hate it, however Broccoli is one very powerful vegetable to assist in nutritional healing. A cup of broccoli has as much protein as a cup of rice or corn with half the calories.

Here are some very good reasons why broccoli should be an essential part of your diet.

Healthy Nervous System

Broccoli has a rich concentration of potassium and so helps maintain a healthy nervous system and brain function. It also encourages healthy muscle development.

Powerful Antioxidants

When we look at all the cruciferous vegetables, we see broccoli is notable as the most concentrated source of vitamin C, plus the flavonoids necessary for vitamin C to recycle effectively. Also concentrated in broccoli are the carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin and beta-carotene, other powerful antioxidants.

Lower Blood Pressure

In addition to the rich quantity of potassium, broccoli contains enough magnesium and calcium that help regulate blood pressure.

Rich in Vitamin C

One cup of broccoli contains the RDA of vitamin C, an antioxidant essential for combating the effects of free radical damage. Vitamin C is also an effective antihistamine for easing the discomfort of the most infectious conditions like the common cold.

Healthy Bone

Broccoli contains rich amounts of both Calcium and Vitamin K, both of which are important for bone health and prevention of osteoporosis.

Skin Rejuvenation

Broccoli is helpful in rejuvenating damaged skin especially from overexposure to the sun. It contains glucoraphanin which nourishes the skin to detoxify and repair itself.

Immune System

One cup of broccoli reinforces the immune system with a hefty dose of beta-carotene. Trace minerals, such as zinc and selenium, further act to strengthen immune defences.

Cancer Prevention

Broccoli contains glucoraphanin, which with the body processes into the anti-cancer compound sulforaphane. This compound rids the body H. pylori, a bacterium found to highly increase the risk of gastric cancer. Furthermore, broccoli contains indole-3-carbinol, a powerful antioxidant compound and anti-carcinogen found to not only hinder the growth of breast, cervical and prostate cancer, but also boosts liver function.

A Healthy Weight

Broccoli is high in fibre, which aids in digestion, prevents constipation, maintains low blood sugar, and reduces overeating. Furthermore, a cup of broccoli has as much protein as a cup of rice or corn with half the calories.

Eye Health

Studies have shown that the carotenoid lutein helps prevent age-related macular degeneration and cataracts, as well as possesses anti-cancer effects. Additionally, broccoli is a good source of vitamin A that is needed to form retinal, the light-absorbing molecule that is essential for both low-light and colour vision.

Healthy Heart

The carotenoid lutein may also slow down or prevent the thickening of arteries in the human body, thus fighting against heart disease and stoke. The B6 and folate in broccoli also reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke. The anti-inflammatory properties of sulforaphane, one of the isothiocyanates (ITCs) in broccoli, may be able to prevent (or even reverse) some of the damage to blood vessel linings that can be caused by inflammation due to chronic blood sugar problems.

Lower Cholesterol

Broccoli is a whole food that is packed with soluble fibre that draws cholesterol out of your body.


Reducing allergic reaction and inflammation: Research has shown the ability of kaempferol to lessen the impact of allergy-related substances on our body. Broccoli even has significant amounts of omega 3 fatty acids, which are well known as an anti-inflammatory.

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.


Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

This not so tasty beverage has a long history of household benefits including pickling produce, weed killer, cleaning coffee makers, polishing armour, and dressing salads. It’s also a traditional health remedy, found to treat everything from a salad dressing to skin disorders to sunburn to boost energy.

Today it is easily available in the various health food stores that dot our landscape. Here are some of the benefits of this versatile natural liquid.


The effect of vinegar on blood sugar levels is perhaps the best researched and the most promising of apple cider vinegar’s possible health benefits. Several studies have found that vinegar may help lower glucose levels. For instance, a 2007 study of 11 people with type 2 diabetes found that taking two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar before bed lowered glucose levels in the morning by 4%-6%.

High cholesterol

A 2006 study showed evidence that vinegar could lower cholesterol. However, the study was done in rats, so it’s too early to know how it might work in people.

Blood pressure and heart health

Another study in rats found that vinegar could lower high blood pressure. A large observational study also found that people who ate oil and vinegar dressing on salads five to six times a week had lower rates of heart disease than people who didn’t. However, it’s far from clear that the vinegar was the reason.


A few laboratory studies have found that vinegar may be able to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Observational studies of people have been confusing. One found that eating vinegar was associated with a decreased risk of esophageal cancer. Another associated it with an increased risk of bladder cancer.

Healthy Weight

If you are attempting the ideal health weight, add 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar to 500 ml (16 ounces) of water. This concoction can be sipped throughout the day. Research shows some limited, yet significant, weight loss benefits from sustained daily intake of acetic acid (which is a main ingredient in Apple Cider Vinegar).

In a 2009 study published in Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, it was found that subjects that consumed acetic acid for 12 weeks experienced significant declines in body weight, abdominal fat, waist circumference and triglycerides. Triglycerides contribute to the bad cholesterol that we want to avoid.

Balance your entire inner body system.

The body constantly strives to achieve a state of equilibrium. Apple cider vinegar helps the body maintain a healthy alkaline pH level. Research shows that higher acid levels (lower pH level) leads to a lack of energy and higher incidences of infection. Hence, my desire to sip some a few times a day for a natural boost of energy.

Natural Detox.

As part of balancing the body’s pH, apple cider vinegar creates an overall detoxification of the body. Research shows that it can help stimulate cardiovascular circulation and help detoxify the liver.

Regulate your lymphatic system.

Apple Cider Vinegar helps to break up mucous throughout the body and cleanse the lymph nodes. Believe it or not, research suggests that apple cider vinegar can help with allergies because of its ability to reduce mucous and sinus congestion. When reducing the effects of allergies, it can also help stave off sinus infections and their related symptoms, such as sore throats and headaches.


This vinegar is rich in natural enzymes that can help rid your body of candida—yeasts that are attributed to thrush in humans. Candida also is blamed for creating symptoms of fatigue, poor memory, sugar cravings, and yeast infections.

Reduce heartburn.

Though it might seem like an oxymoron to treat stomach acid with an acid-containing vinegar, there is research suggesting that apple cider vinegar works by correcting low acid, hence reducing heartburn. Natural remedy experts say you should begin to feel relief very shortly after taking a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar followed by a glass of water. Note that apple cider vinegar will not give relief if you have an ulcer.

Detox your home

Apple Cider Vinegar is made from apple juice and fermented to hard apple cider. It’s then fermented a second time to become apple cider vinegar. Apple Cider Vinegar can be used as a substitute to the often unnatural chemicals used in our homes daily.

A natural hair shine.

Rinsing your hair after shampooing with Apple Cider Vinegar will boost your hair’s body and shine. A practical and safe recipe would be to use an old well washed shampoo bottle and fill it with 1/2 a tablespoon of Apple Cider Vinegar and a cup of cold water. Pour the solution through your hair after shampooing several times a week for impressive results. NB. try a little on your hair first to rule out any sensitivities you may have.

Regulate your skin pH.

Dilute Apple Cider Vinegar with two parts water, and spread the brew over your face with a cotton ball to replace your current toner. You can do this at night after washing, and in the morning before you apply your moisturiser. A dab of Apple Cider Vinegar can also be left on the skin overnight to fade age spots or acne scars.

You can also use it on warts. Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar, then fasten the cotton ball over the wart with a plaster overnight. The skin may swell some as it reacts with the solution. However, the wart will fall off. Once it falls off, the treatment should be continued for a few more days, to make sure the wart doesn’t return.

Teeth stain remover

Rub teeth directly with Apple Cider Vinegar, and rinse with water.

Sunburn soothing rinse.

Add a cup of Apple Cider Vinegar to your bath, and soak for 10 minutes to eliminate discomfort from sunburn.

Natural Aftershave

Fill a bottle with equal parts apple cider vinegar and water, and shake before applying to the face.

Natural massage treatment.

Rubbing Apple Cider Vinegar on your hands and feet will give massage-like benefits and relief to tired hands and feet.

Keep pets free of fleas

One part vinegar and one part water can be sprayed on your pets fur and rubbed in generously to the skin. Saturate the entire coat, and continue every day for a few days to a week. Any flea infestation will surely be gone.

Natural room freshener.

Apple cider vinegar will clean your toilets and leave your bathroom smelling like apples! Just pour apple cider vinegar into the toilet, and allow it to sit overnight. It can also be used in dishwashers as a substitute for dish detergent. Mix 1/2 cup of apple cider vinegar with 1 cup water, and you can use this solution to clean microwaves, kitchen surfaces, windows, glasses and mirrors, too.

As you can see, apple cider vinegar is a miracle product that cab be used in a multitude of ways. I highly recommend its use!


On the whole, the risks of taking occasional, small amounts of apple cider vinegar seem low. But using apple cider vinegar over the long term, or in larger amounts, could have risks. Here are some things to keep in mind.

Apple cider vinegar is highly acidic. The main ingredient of apple cider vinegar is acetic acid. As the name suggests, it’s quite harsh. Apple cider vinegar should always be diluted with water or juice before swallowed. Pure apple cider vinegar could damage the tooth enamel and the tissues in your throat and mouth. One study found a woman who got an apple cider vinegar supplement stuck in her throat suffered lasting damage to her esophagus. In addition, vinegar has been known to cause contact burns to the skin.

Long-term use of apple cider vinegar could cause low potassium levels and lower bone density. If you already have low potassium or osteoporosis, talk to your health care provider before using apple cider vinegar.

Apple cider vinegar could theoretically interact with diuretics, laxatives, and medicines for diabetes and heart disease.

If you have diabetes, check with your health care provider before using apple cider vinegar. Vinegar contains chromium, which can alter your insulin levels

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.


The Doctrine of Signatures

Mother Nature first developed the garden called earth, with its rich abundant plants and waterways and oceans and in it made animals and fish, all before the first human being. She made and provided what we’d need before we were born. Mother Nature left us great clues as to what foods help what part of our body!

Nearly every student of herbal and nutritional therapy must have heard the Doctrine of Signatures. It is one of the oldest form of prescribing foods to treat the human body and disease that affect the various organs. It was one of the main medical text of the 1600’s right up to the end of the 1900’s.

It was formulated not by the medical profession but by barefoot healers who observed the natural connection between nature and humans. Mother Nature produced foods that could be recognised as beneficial to health and as such these foods were known as foods of God.

The Doctrine states that by careful observation one can learn the uses of a plant from some aspect of its form or place of growing.  In a period where most of the world was still largely illiterate, it is likely that the Doctrine of Signatures was useful as a mnemonic aid for the apprentice who was learning by observation and rote.

The petals of the Iris were frequently used as a poultice for bruises because of the signature of colour, the petals resembling in hue the bruise they were to alleviate. Beyond the signature of colour was that of form.  If a portion of a plant resembled an organ or other part of the Human Anatomy, it was believed to be beneficial to that part.

Carrot :

The cross section of the carrot resembles the human eye. The daughter, iris and radiating lines look just like the human eye. Science teaches today that carrots greatly enhance blood flow to the eyes and enhance general eye function.


Onions look like the body’s cells. Today’s research shows onions help clear waste materials from all of the body cells. They even produce tears which wash the epithelial layers of the eyes. A working companion, Garlic, also helps eliminate waste materials and dangerous free radicals from the body.


A Tomato has four chambers and is red. The heart has four chambers and is red. All of the research shows tomatoes are loaded with lycopine and are indeed pure heart and blood food.



If you cut a mushroom in the middle we see that resembles the human ear. Mushrooms have been found that can help improve hearing, as yet, mushrooms are one of the few foods that contain vitamin D. This particular vitamin is important for healthy bones, which strengthens even the tiny ossicles located within the ear which transmit sound to the brain.

Celery, Rhubarb, Bok-choy:

Celery is specifically aimed at strengthening and bone strength. Bones are made ​​with 23% sodium and this food-vegetable contains 23% Sodium. If you do not have enough sodium in your diet, the body pulls it from the bones, making them weak. Foods with sodium, such as celery feeds necessary, skeletal body needs. Celery, Rhubarb, Bok-choy and more look just like bones structure. These foods specifically target bone strength.

Kidney Beans:

Red Kidney Beans actually heal and help maintain kidney function and they look exactly like the human kidneys.


Walnuts look like a little brain, a left and right hemisphere, upper and lower brain and cerebellum. Even the wrinkles or folds on the nut are just like the cortex of our brain. We now know that walnuts help in brain development and brain function. Walnuts help develop more than three (3) dozen neuron-transmitters for brain function.

Grapes :

The lungs are composed of ‘branches’ airways increasingly driven into finer ducts which end in tiny bunches of tissue called alveoli. These cells, which resemble bunches of grapes, allow oxygen to pass from the lungs into the blood. A diet high in fresh fruits, such as grapes, (stafylotherapeia) has been shown to reduce the risk of lung cancer and emphysema. The grape seeds also contain a chemical called proanthocyanidin, which seems to reduce the severity of allergic asthma.


This is commonly sold in supermarkets, and it seems that often the external appearance resembles the stomach. So interesting is that one of the biggest advantages is aiding digestion. The Chinese use it for over 2,000 years to calm the stomach and cure nausea, while it is also a popular treatment for disabled-diseases. Potatoes: Sweet potatoes look like the pancreas and actually balance the glycemic lead indicator diabetics.

Avocados and Pears:

Avocados and pears are good for the health and functioning of the womb and cervix of the female and look just like these organs. Modern research shows that when a woman eats one avocado a week, it balances the birth hormones, sheds unwanted birth weight and can even prevent cervical cancer. It even takes exactly nine months to grow an avocado from blossom to ripened fruit, just like a human baby! There are said to be over 14,000 photolytic chemical constituents of nutrition in each one of these foods.


Figs are full of seeds and hang in twos when they grow. Studies have shown that Figs increase the mobility of male sperm and increase the sperm count as well as overcoming male sterility.

Sweet Potatoes:

The humble sweet potato resemble the pancreas and can actually balance the glycemic index of diabetics. The oblong sweet potato bears a strong resemblance to the pancreas, and also promotes healthy function in the organ. “Sweet potatoes are high in beta-carotene, which is a potent antioxidant that protects all tissues of the body, including the pancreas, from damage associated with cancer or aging,” says Somer.


Olives assist the health and function of the ovaries. An Italian study found that women whose diets included a lot of olive oil had a 30% lower risk of ovarian cancer. The reasons are unclear, but the healthy fats in the oil may help suppress genes predisposed to causing cancer.

Citrus Fruits:

Grapefruits, Oranges, and other citrus fruits look just like the mammary glands of the female and actually assist the health of the breasts and the movement of lymph in and out of the breasts. The similarity between round citrus fruits––like lemons and grapefruit––and breasts may be more than coincidental. “Grapefruit contains substances called limonoids, which have been shown to inhibit the development of cancer in lab animals and in human breast cells,” says Dr. Moulavi.


The close-up of tiny green tips on a broccoli head looks like 100 of cancer cells. A team of researchers at US National Cancer Institute found if a weekly serving of broccoli was enough to reduce the risk of prostate cancer by 45%.



Ginseng root looks like a human body, and it is a holistic cure for nearly all ailments.

Red wine:

Red wine is rich in antioxidants and polyphenols, including powerful resveratrol, looks like blood. “When you drink it, you’re really loading up on the healthy stuff that protects against destructive things in the blood, like LDL cholesterol, which can cause heart disease,” says Somer. “There’s also a blood-thinning compound in red wine, so it reduces blood clots, which are associated with stroke and heart disease.”

James O’Sullivan from Galway is a credible and engaging speaker, a people friendly practitioner and lecturer of Integrated Medicine, serving his patients, his students and the public with the positive benefits of both Conventional Western Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine. He is a respected author and has appeared on many public media.



The Signature of All Things, Jacob Boehme: James Clarke & Co. Ltd., Cambridge 1969.
The Golden Age of Herbs & Herbalists, Rosetta E. Clarkson: Dover Publications Inc., New York 1972.
Culpeper’s Complete Herbal, Nicholas Culpeper; W. Foulsham & Co. Ltd. London
The Herbal of General History of Plants: John Gerard: Dover Publications Inc. 1975.
Practical Handbook of Plant Alchemy: Manfred M. Junius: Inner Traditions International Ltd., New York 1985.